After having occupied the hilly region between Garo and Jaintia Hills, the East India Company wanted to build a road linking the Brahmaputra Valley with Sylhet. For this, a large number of outsiders including Englishmen, Bengalis and the labourers from the plains were brought to these regions.
The Khasis, Garos. Khamptis and the Singhpos organized themselves under Tirath singh to drive away the strangers from the plains. The uprising developed into a popular revolt British rule in the area. By 1833, the superior English military force had suppressed the revolt.