After having occupied the hilly region between Garo and Jaintia Hills, the East India Company wanted to build a road linking the Brahmaputra Valley with Sylhet. For this, a large number of outsiders including Englishmen, Bengalis and the labourers from the plains were brought to these regions.

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The Khasis, Garos. Khamptis and the Singhpos organized themselves under Tirath singh to drive away the strangers from the plains. The uprising developed into a popular revolt British rule in the area. By 1833, the superior English military force had suppressed the revolt.